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Dr. Jennifer Clarke

Professor of Wildlife Biology

Dr. Jennifer Clarke

Jennifer Clarke

Dr. Jennifer A. Clarke is a Professor of Wildlife Biology in the School of Biodiversity Conservation at Unity College. Prior to coming to Unity College, she was the Wallace Fellow in the Dept of Brain, Behaviour and Evolution at Macquarie University in Australia where she studied communication and conservation in Australian mammals (dingoes, flying foxes and Tasmanian devils). Dr. Clarke was also a Professor of Zoology at the University of Northern Colorado, where she studied communication in ptarmigan, elk, coatis, dogs and wolves. Her work is focused on the form and function of communication signals and also how knowledge of animal communication can be used in conservation efforts and management as a non-invasive means to survey populations and identify individuals as well as a tool to enhance captive rearing success. Another area of her research is the effect of moonlight on animal behavior and the potential impacts of light pollution on habitat use and activity patterns of nocturnal mammals. View her current research projects here.


Ph.D.    Washington State University, Pullman, Washington
M.A.    University of Montana, Missoula, Montana
B.A.    Miami University, Oxford, Ohio

Courses taught at Unity College

Animal Behavior
Population and Community Ecology
Animal Communication
Museum Techniques


Davis, K.L. and J.A. Clarke. 2019. A Tasmanian devil call encodes identity and decreases agonistic behaviour. Bioacoustics 29(6), 1-16. View Here

Pearson, T. and J.A. Clarke. 2019. Urban noise and grey-headed flying-fox vocalisations: evidence of the silentium effect. Urban Ecosystems, 22(2), 271-280. View Here

Rose, S.J. and J.A. Clarke. 2017. Quantitative analysis of vocalisations of captive Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae). Bioacoustics 27 (1), 13-26.

Déaux, É.C., I. Charrier and J.A. Clarke. 2016. The bark, the howl and the bark-howl: Identity cues in dingoes’ multicomponent calls. Behavioural Processes 129, 94-100.

Déaux, É.C., A.P. Allen, J.A. Clarke and I. Charrier. 2016.Concatenation of ‘alert’ and ‘identity’ segments in dingoes’ alarm calls. Scientific Reports 6, 30556. DOI: 10.1038/srep30556

Déaux, É.C., I. Charrier and J.A. Clarke. 2016. Dingo howls: the content and efficacy of a long range signal. Ethology 122 (8), 649-659.

Déaux, É.C., J.A. Clarke and I. Charrier. 2015. Aggressive bimodal communication in domestic dogs, Canis familiaris. PLoS ONE 10(11), e0142975. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone. 0142975.

Wood, P.A.J. de Bie and J.A. Clarke. 2014. Behavioural and physiological responses of domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) to agonistic growls from conspecifics. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 161, 105-112.

Ambler, T., J. Clarke, M. Chavan and N. Mathews. 2014.  Climates of communication: collegiality, affect, places and attitudes in peer review. Pp. 67-84. In: J. Sachs, M. Parsell (Eds.) Peer review of learning and teaching in higher education: An international perspective. New York: Springer.

Ausmus, D.M. and J. A. Clarke. 2014. Mother knows best: functionally referential alarm calling in white-tailed ptarmigan. Animal Cognition 17, 671-679.

Deaux, E. C. and J.A. Clarke. 2013. Dingo (Canis lupus dingo) acoustic repertoire: Form and context. Behaviour 150 (1), 75-101.

Heyborne, W.H., J. Perrett and J.A. Clarke. 2011. A comparison of two forms of assessment in an introductory undergraduate biology laboratory course. J College Science Teaching 40, 14-17.

Clarke, J.A. 2010. White-tailed ptarmigan food calls enhance chick diet choice: learning nutritional wisdom? Animal Behaviour 79 (1), 25-30.

Evans, C.S. and J.A. Clarke. 2010. Referential Signaling. In: The Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior (Eds: M. D. Breed and J. Moore) Vol 3, Chapter 21, pp 27-32. Academic Press, Oxford, UK.

Campbell, S.R., S.P. Mackessy, and J.A. Clarke. 2008.  Microhabitat use by Brown Treesnakes (Boiga irregularis): Effects of moonlight and prey. Journal of Herpetology 42 (2), 246-250.

Feighny, J.J., K.E. Williamson, and J.A. Clarke. 2006. North American elk bugle vocalizations: male and female bugle call structure and context. Journal of Mammalogy 87 (6), 1072-1077.

Allen, T. F. and Clarke, J. A. 2005. Social learning of food preferences by white-tailed ptarmigan chicks. Animal Behavior 70 (2): 305-310.

Clarke, J. A. and R. E. Johnson. 2005. Comparisons and contrasts between the foraging behaviors of two white-tailed ptarmigan (Lagopus leucurus) populations, Rocky Mountains and Sierra Nevada. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 37 (2), 171-176.

Compton, L.A., Clarke, J.A., Seidensticker, J. and Ingrisano, D. 2002. Acoustic characteristics of white-nosed coati vocalizations: a test of motivation-structural rules.  Journal of Mammalogy 82 (4), 1054-1058.

Clarke, J.A. 2001. Social transmission of information and teaching in ptarmigan. Advances in Ethology 36: 137.

Maurello, M.A., Clarke, J.A., and Ackley, R.S. 2000. Signature vocalizations of the white-nosed coati, Nasua narica. Journal of Mammalogy, 81 (2), 415-421.

Falkenberg, J.C. and Clarke, J.A. 1998. Deer mouse microhabitat use and the effects of interspecific interaction risks. Journal of Mammalogy 79 (2), 558-565.

Bogan, M.A., Osborne, J.G., and Clarke, J.A. 1997. Bat fauna of Badlands National Park, South Dakota. Prairie Naturalist 28, 115-123.

Clarke, J.A., Chopko, J.T. and Mackessy, S.P. 1996. The effect of moonlight on activity patterns of adult and juvenile prairie rattlesnakes (Crotalus viridis viridis). Journal of Herpetology 30 (2), 192-197.

Clarke, J.A., and Johnson, R.E. 1992. The influence of spring snow depth on White-tailed Ptarmigan breeding success in the Sierra Nevada. Condor 94 (3), 622-627.

Clarke, J.A., and Johnson, R.E. 1990. Biogeography of White-tailed Ptarmigan (Lagopus leucurus): Implications from an introduced population in the Sierra Nevada. J. Biogeography 17 (6), 649-656.

Clarke, J.A. 1987. White-tailed Ptarmigan in the Sierra Nevada alpine. Mazama 68 (13), 47-50.

Clarke, J.A. 1983. Moonlight’s influence on the predator/prey interactions between short-eared owls (Asio flammeus) and deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 13, 205-209.

Clarke Curriculum Vitae